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The wireless sensor network's energy consumption is largely influenced by the architecture of clustered hierarchical routing algorithms (WSN). When it comes to WSNs, an application-specific protocol called LEACH has been developed as a low-energy clustering hierarchy. If you don't know how cluster heads (CH's) rotate, then the LEACH protocol will increase the energy consumption of the network. The energy efficiency of a WSN can be improved with a new, modified routing protocol, which we describe in this work. In this research, we propose a new, energy-efficient routing technique for WSNs. Net energy and average network energy are considered in the new enhanced energy-efficient LEACH protocol (IEE-LEACH). It is proposed that IEE-LEACH take into account the optimal number of CHs and forbids the building of nodes clusters closer to the base station in order to achieve adequate efficiency in reducing sensor energy consumption (BS). It is suggested that the proposed IEE-LEACH uses a new threshold for selecting CHs from the sensor nodes in order to improve network energy efficiency even more. Simulation results reveal that the proposed routing protocol greatly reduces the energy consumption of WSNs compared to the current routing protocol.
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